We all are different so do our skin. There are various types of skin, rich in color to wheatish, sensitive to strong. There are other things like undertone, which is a factor many talked about in their blogs. But the undertone does not play a huge role in how your skin will react under the sun. It all depends on skin pigmentation. Dr. Thomas Fitzpatrick 1975 devised the Fitzpatrick Scale of skin prototypes. This scale tells us how safe is our skin under the Sun, without any sunscreen protection.

UV Ray Affect on Different Skin

There are five types of skin accordingly to Dr. Thomas Fitzpatric. This skin division is basically on skin pigmentation. He classified skin into six different classes.

Skin Pigmentation related with Skin Cancer
Skin Pigmentation related to Skin Cancer (Credit: Wikipedia)

Two Types of Effects After Exposing to Sun

In the Sun, you may have seen some person reacts like they cannot tolerate it. Some may think they are overdramatic, they stay mostly at home which is why they are reacting. Well, if you stayed at home for a long time, you may feel like that. I have felt like that science after the lockdown. I am getting so used to in-home I don’t even like Sunlight much. That’s not normal, right? But the truth is, some person’s skin is more sensitive than others so they feel a burning sensation under the Sun. Basically under the Sun skin may burn or get tanned.

Tan (Tanned Skin)

When skin started producing melanin under Sun to protect the skin then our skin becomes richer in color. Humans named this tanning. If you think what we don’t like is good for us. We sweat for maintaining body temperature, still, we don’t like to sweat. Just like that if you’re being tanned under Sun that means your skin is protecting you by increasing melanins.

How does melanin work?

Melanin absorbs harmful UV rays of all kinds like A, B & C before it can damage the epidermis layer of our skin. It also absorbs blue light that comes from LED screens.

Burns (Burned Skin)

When UV rays are coming but your skin does not produce melanin at all or very less to protect then it penetrates the skin. UVA penetrates the deep while UVB cannot penetrate that much. It stays on the upper layer of the skin and damages it. And with time it will damage the skin and may cause DNA mutation. So the risk of skin cancer is very high in this case.

Skin Type I

General Characteristics:

Skin Color

Very fair, Porcelain skin. Porcelain is the whitest skin with a cool undertone. Most have freckles in this skin type. This skin is very rare.

Hair & Eye Color

Hair color may dark. Not necessarily light. It will be dark-colored, Black, grey-black. In light color, the hair will be blond. Hair color may be red sometimes. Their hair color will not be in the wide brown, bronze, honey range, or never in a warm tone. Can be cool brown though. Eye color will be cool-toned light blue, ashy, grey, or other light & cool colors. If dark that will be black.

Reaction to UV Ray:

Always burn under the sun, whole body burn does not depend on which part. Staying 10 minutes under the sun can be harmful to them without Sunscreens. This type of skin has the highest risk for skin cancer and vascular damage.

Skin Type II

General Characteristics:

Skin Color

Very fair skin. Can be Ivory, or warm ivory. Can be warm to cool anyone, may have freckles or not. This type of skin is very common in the north, winter countries.

Hair & Eye Color

Hair color can be various from warm to cool tones. Most have light colors in a brown shade. Generally, they don’t have silver hair like porcelain skin. Eye color also can be in various ranges. Most of the eye colors are light in color can be brown, blue, green, or even black.

Reaction to UV Ray:

This type of skin burns easily and 80%-90% of the time. Does not tan quickly. When skin will start to produce melanin by that time skin would be already burnt. They also have a high risk of skin cancer from UV rays and vascular damage.

Skin Type III

General Characteristics:

Skin Color

Skin color is fair-medium. Sand, beige, & warm beige color skin comes in this section. Can be any range from warm to cool tone. This is a medium skin tone on the fairer side. This is very common skin color.

Hair & Eye Color

Hair can be in the range of blond to black. And the eye can be any color. But they don’t have blue, grey, or green eyes generally.

Reaction to UV Ray:

Their skin burns as well as gets tanned. This is my skin type, and I can tell my face and cheeks burn in the sun. My hands and legs also get a burning sensation. But that doesn’t last, they get tanned under the sun. This feels no good. I feel like well, I get tanned and with little a burning sensation also. This type of skin has a chance of hyperpigmentation. Also a medium-high risk of skin cancer and vascular damage.

Skin Type IV

General Characteristics:

Skin Color

Skin color is medium-deep. Ca be natural skin color, honey, honey olive skin color. This is a medium skin tone with a rich side. They look bright. This is very common skin color.

Hair & Eye Color

The hair color of Skin type IV can be brunette, light, or dark brown. The range is various shades of brown to black-brown. Eye colors are also the same as eye color.

Reaction to UV Ray:

This type of skin burns less and gets tanned easily. This type of skin has a medium-high risk of hyperpigmentation, hyperpigmentation, medium risk of skin cancer, and vascular damage.

Skin Type V

General Characteristics:

Skin Color

Skin type V is highly riched in color. Almond, and Toffee color skin comes in this section. This is a common skin type in tropical hot places.

Hair & Eye Color

The hair will be in dark brown shades to black. You may see more curls and coils in your hair. Eyes are also brown to black shade in general.

Reaction to UV Ray:

They are a little bit sun sensitive. They burn rarely and get tanned. They have a high chance of hyperpigmentation and hyperpigmentation and a medium risk of skin cancer and vascular damage. UV ray is one of the main reason for skin aging but skin aging due to the sun has a low chance in this case.

Skin Type VI

General Characteristics:

Skin Color

This type of skin is the richest in melanin and looks almost black. Espresso, Chestnut, Sable, Walnut, etc from warm to cool come under this tone. This type of skin looks so deep brown that looks like blueish black. Not to mention but they all look gorgeous.

Hair & Eye Color

Skin type VI may have black or brown hair. very coiled. Their eye color can vary a lot.

Reaction to UV Ray:

They don’t get burnt under the Sun, they may get a little tanned or not. Their skin is melanin-rich beforehand. But they have a very high risk of hyperpigmentation. Their scar remains. Have a low risk of skin cancer and vascular damage. They also have very low risk of skin aging because of the sun.

Please use Sunscreen in adequete ammount does not matter it’s raining or not, cold or hot, cloudy or sunny.

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