Continuing From ➡

150 Types of Fabric (126-150)

126. Taffeta Fabric

Taffeta is a crispy texture but smooth, shiny, plain woven Silk, Rayon, Acetate, or Polyester. There are various types of Taffeta. Shot Silk taffeta is used for stunning rainbow effects. Because the warp and weft yarns are of different colors. Warp-printed taffeta was popular in the 18th century in France. It creates pastel patterns in multicolor. Except these, there are Antique, Fallie, and Paper taffeta (very thin and lightweight). Silk taffeta is also two types, yarn-dyed, and piece-dyed. Yarn-dyed silk taffeta is often used for evening dresses. Taffeta is used for ball gowns, evening wear, corsets, linings of garments, home decorations, curtains, etc.

127. Tais Cloth

This is a woven animal or geometric printed Cotton fabric. From Wikipedia, I got to know that, Tais cloth is a sign of respect and appreciation towards friends, family, guests, relatives, even home decor in East Tumor. Churches of East Tumor also use Tais during any religious occasion. In ceremonies, Tais cloth is worn with feathers, coral, gold, and/or Silver. Animal or Geometric patterns on cloth vary from religion to region. Men were a single large wrap of Tais cloth around the waist and finished with Tassels which is an ornament or clothing decoration. Women were Tais cloth as a strapless dress in tube form.

128. Tapestry

Tapestry is an art mostly on woven Wool, Linen, Silk, or Cotton fabric where warp yarns are hidden in the finished fabric. The fabric can be embellished with Gold or Silver threads or not. European Tapestry art is visible from one side of the fabric but Chinese, Pre-Columbian make Tapestry which is seen from both sides. Tapestry is used for decorating upholsteries like walls, floors, chairs, tables, also sometimes used for decorating garments.

129. Tartan Fabric

Tartan is a woven Wool made with other fibers. It is a patterned, multicolor cloth that has criss-cross, horizontal and vertical bands. The famous Tartan pattern is Royal Stewart Black Watch. There are probably meanings of Color, uses in Tartan. One myth is Red Tartans are for Battels. The green color shows Prairies of forests, Blue Tartan represents lakes and rivers. Tartan is often called plaid in North America but in Scotland Plaid is a large piece of Tartan cloth. You can say Tartan is the shorter version. Scottish Kilts uses Tartan with their uniform. Other usages are Kilts, suits for men, and skirts for women.

130. Teneriffe Lace

Teneriffe is a handmade, Needle lace of Canary Island. It is also called Rosetta Canaria. Rosettes are joined for making beautiful designs. Though, the pattern of Teneriffe lace looks like Spider web. The technique was originated in Lanzarote and Tenerife Island. It was evolved from Cutwork lace.

131. Terry Cloth

Terry Cloth is woven Silk, Cotton, or man-made Synthetic fabric. The modern fabric was first produced in 1850. The fabric is a good absorbent of water. There are two types of Terry cloth. Towel Terry is a 100% woven cotton or blends with little polyester which absorbs a huge amount of water. French Terry is made from Cotton, Silk, or other material, sometimes blended with Spandex, Lycra for elasticity, used for dressmaking.

132. Ticking Fabric

Ticking is a tightly woven Cotton or Linen fabric. It’s a durable fabric and normally seen in muted tones like grey, muted brown, beige, yellowish colors, etc. Traditionally it was used for mattresses. It is used for upholstery like furniture, tablecloths, cushion covers, curtains, pillows, decorative purposes, and garments.

133. Tissue Fabric

Tissue is woven Silk or man-made Synthetic fiber interwoven with Gold and Silver threads. That is why the fabric gives a very shiny look. It’s available in rich colors and gives a rich look. Fine silk Tissues are good for dressmaking, sarees.

134. Toile

Toile is unbleached, woven Cotton or Single knitted Jersey cloth. From Toile de Jouy, the word Toile came. It means Linen from Jouy-en-Josas. It was first produced in Ireland in the 18th century. The fabric was printed with ecclesiastical, romantic patterns in a single color, usually Black, Red, or Blue. Now it is used for Upholstery, Window treatments, bed sheets, duvets, etc. Also used for Dresses, shirts, aprons.

135. Tricot Knit

Tricot Knitted fabric is knitted Nylon with Spandex or Polyester with Spandex. It creates a zigzag effect on the surface and crosswise ribs on the back. The fabric is soft, smooth, durable, and stretchy. It is good for draping, used for activewear, linings, swimsuits, lingerie, etc.

136. Tulle Netting

Tulle is lightweight, adequate silk, Nylon, Polyester, or Rayon netting. It is probably originated in Tulle, France. Nowadays Polyester is the most used fiber for making Tulle whereas Rayon Tulle is rare. Different types of Tulles are English (made of 100% Cotton), Italian, Italian Silk(Very Soft), French tulle. The difference between Net and Tulle is Net feels a little sharp while Tulle is soft. Tulle netting is used for ballet Tutus. Ballet Tutu is a beautiful skirt for classical ballet costumes. Also used for wedding gowns, veils, lingerie, linings, bags, decoration purposes, etc.

137. Tweed

Tweed is rough woolen or soft Cheviot rusty-looking homespun fabric. The original name of the fabric was Tweel. Tweed is many types. It can be plain-woven, Twilled, or broken Twill which is called Herringbone. Twill weave looks like diagonal parallel ribs. Herringbone textile weave gives a parallel V-shape. Cheviot Tweed is made from Cheviot sheep. For example, Harris tweeds are made from pure virgin wool. Donegal Tweed is rainbow-colored Tweed that originated in Donegal. Saxony Tweed is very soft, made from Merino sheep. Shetland Tweed is made from Sheep of the Shetland Islands which is light, soft, and delicate. Scottish, Irish people’s traditional clothing is mostly made of Tweed fabric because it can keep you warm. Tweed skirts, jackets, coats, are pretty popular.

138. Twill

Twill fabric is commonly called which are Twill woven. It looks like diagonal parallel ribs. It’s one of the most commonly used weaves. It can be, classified accordingly stepping, face yarn, twill line, and direction of Twill. For example, according to the direction of Twill, it can be left-handed of S twill and right-handed or Z Twill. Twill weave is durable, used for upholsteries, jeans, bags, etc.

139. Ultrasuede

Ultrasuede is a Synthetic, 100% recycled micro-fiber. It’s made from about 65%-80% Polyester and 35%-20% Polyurethane. Do you what is Microfiber? It’s finer than one denier which is about a fifth of human hair. In 1970 Ultrasuede microfiber was invented by Dr. Miyoshi (Information from Wikipedia). It’s breathable, soft, and stain-resistant. Before it had been widely used and still use in the fashion, furniture, automobile industries.

140. Velour Knit

Velour is a knitted Cotton or Polyester fabric that looks like Velvet or Velveteen fabric. It is also called Velour leather. The fabric is stretchable, woven, or knitted. Its main usage is in theatre for costumes and long big stage curtains. Also used for evening wear, loungewear, sportswear, costumes, casual wear like pajamas, tracksuits, etc.

141. Velvet Fabric

Velvet is a woven smooth, medium-thick, Silk. Cotton, Wool, or Synthetic fabric. It was first introduced in Baghdad. The largest manufacturer of velvet was in Cairo in the Mamluk era. The texture of the fabric is very smooth, soft, and glossy. The velvety term came from this which means soft like velvet. Because of that, it’s costly. There are numerous types of velvet. Mirror Velvet is exceptionally soft, Chiffon Velvet is very light, Crushed Velvet is shiny and lustrous, Velveteen is another type of Velvet we will see next. Velvet is used in dressmaking, curtains, draping, covers of pillow & bed, etc.

142. Velveteen

Velveteen is Silk or Cotton Velvet fabric. It is made by filling pile method and has more body than Velvet and heavier, less shiny, but softer in general. It is used for women’s wear, bed sheets, covers, warm clothes, etc.

143. Venetian Lace

Venetian or Point de Venise is a 17th century Venetian Needle Lace with a floral pattern with horsehair or any heavy thread. The lace is very feminine, beautiful looking. But males also had seen wearing this in 17th century’s picture as a collar. In early 1620 it became popular. There were pointe de Rose, Gros point de Venise, Point de Neigeand other types. Rose point was ornamented, Snow lace had light bars of threads with stars and snowflakes motifs. Nowadays it’s still made by hand and costly.

144. Viscose Fabric

Viscose fabric is made of Bamboo, Beech, Pine, or Eucalyptus fiber mixed with some chemicals, or Rayon. That’s why it’s a semi-synthetic fabric. Well, most fabrics are semi-synthetic, aren’t they? Viscose was first invented in 1883. It’s a lightweight, breathable, water-absorbent, soft fabric. It is used for making blouses, tops, dresses, jackets, shirts, or any clothing item.

145. Voile Fabric

Voile is a soft, sheer, lightweight 99% Cotton and 1% Linen or Polyester blend cloth. From the French term Veil, the word originated. Based on Linen and Polyester it can be natural fabric or synthetic. Voile is good for warm weather because it’s thin and breathable. It is also used for curtains, mosquito nets, window treatments, blouses, nightgowns, lingerie, etc.

146. Wadmal

Wadmal is a coarse, thick, undyed woven Wool fabric. It was first produced in Scandinavia from 1000CE to 1500CE. It was the basic fabric for working people’s clothing in the 18th century. Formally it was used as warm clothing in British and Scandinavia.

147. Whipcord Fabric

Whipcord is a tuft worsted Cotton fabric made with twisted yarns. It’s woven like Gabardine. Whipcord is a form of a pile of fibers to make whipping knots. The fabric is wrinkle and water-resistant. Not only that, additionally wind resistance, strong and durable. So it’s kinda perfect for outdoor hiking clothes, pants, jackets.

148. Worsted Wool

Worsted is fine and has long Wool fibers. “Worsted” is a village in Norfolk, where the manufacturing of yarns started in the 12th century. The yarns are distinct and better than normal wool in durability, smoothness, and quality. Worsted yarns are made from Teeswaters, Old Leicester, etc. If you have read my six articles on 150 types of fabric you will know there are many fabrics made of worsted, which are used for producing many types of things from upholstery to dressmaking from warm clothes to light, breathable and comfortable.

149. Youghal Lace

Youghal is a pure Needle Lace. Its other name is Point de Irlande. It was inspired by Italian needle lace in Youghal, Ireland. Fact is, Youghal school used the Venetian Needle Lace technique as their primary style, but then they developed their style. It is decided as true needle lace because it’s built with a sewing needle and yarns only. Kenmare was another place to create this lace first. The lace uses no net. The edges of the lace are decorated with Venetian stitch. The basic designs are flowers, windflowers, with leaves. It is also used for making collars, fine fans, etc.

150. Zibeline

Zibeline is made from thick, soft Mohair, Alpaca, Angora, Wool, or Camel’s hair. It is lustrous and slightly furry. Zibeline originally means Sable. The fact it was originally made from Sable. From Wikipedia, I know that the fabric is similar to Mikado. In the 19th century, it was used for ladieswear, suits, coats, cloaks.

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