Continuing From ➡

150 Types of Fabric (101-125)

101. Percale Fabric

Percale is a plain-woven Cotton, Polyester, or any other synthetic fiber blend fabric. It’s a medium-weight, matte-finished but smooth fabric. It’s made both from carded and combed threads. In the 18th century, the French term Moris or Mauris indicated Percale. It was of excellent fine quality. This fabric is used for bed covers, duvet covers, pillow covers, etc.

102. Pique or Marcella

Pique or Marcella is parallel, geometric styled woven or knitted Cotton. It’s a semi-sheer fabric. From the French word Piquer, the name Pique has come. Piquer means quilt. In the late 18th century, this fabric was limited hand made quilts. Marcella is used for formal Cotton shirts, sportswear, and other Summer clothes. This is good for Summer because it’s breathable.

103. Plain fabric

Plain fabric is made of warp and weft Chiffon, Flannel, Muslin, Cheesecloth, Chambray, Poplin, Velvet, Cambric, Georgette, Crepe, Taffeta, Organza, Organdy, Buckram, etc fabric. It’s plain weave fabric called plain material or fabric. It looks like a checkboard pattern of straight interlacing threads going under and over in right angles. The usage of Plain weave is shit, suits, blouses, dresses, any Calico or Sheer fabrics, etc.

104. Pointelle Knit

Pointelle Knitted fabric is plain-woven Cotton fabric. It’s lightweight, delicate, and durable, also known as Pointelle Jersey or Interlock fabric. In the knitting pattern, with open spaces, the stitches are used to create tiny open-worked geometric shapes. The usage of Pointelle Knitted fabric is t-shirts, childrenswear, pajamas, light blues, dresses, cardigans, etc.

105. Polar Fleece

Polar fleece is a soft Polyester fabric. The good thing about this fabric is, it can be recycled from plastic bottles. It was produced first in 1979 in Massachusetts. The fabric is very soft, lightweight, warm, and easy to wash. It can be an alternative to wool. It is used for jackets, sweatpants, sweaters, sports attires, blankets, etc.

106. Poplin fabric

Poplin is a fine, thick, Wool, Cotton, Rayon, Polyester, or Slik fabric. It’s made of silk warp and Worsted weft yarns or can be plain-woven. Now it’s also available in blended fibers. This is water resistance, also wrinkle-resistant can hold its shape well. So it can give you a polished look all the time. This fabric is used for dresses, upholstery decorative fabric, sportswear, shirts, pajamas, etc.

107. Purl Knit

Purl is stitching, used for creating stockinette stitch from the reverse side of the fabric. The fabric made of Purl stitch is stretchy lengthwise, reversible, lightweight, and comfortable. Can be used for mildly cold days also. The usage of Purl knitted fabric is t-shirts, underwear, sweaters, cardigans, and other knitwears. The other name of this knit is Sweater knit.

108. Quilted Fabric

Quilted is woven Wool, Cotton, Polyester, Silk, or any other blended fabric. This fabric is lightweight, warm, and comfortable to wear. It also can be water-resistant depending on blended threads. Embellishments can be done on this fabric, so it’s also used as a decorative fabric. The usages of Quilted fabric are coats, tops, even in footwear, shoes, handbags.

109. Rakematiz

Rakematiz is a thick Silk, embellished fabric. Embellishments were done with gold and silver threads. It was a costly, rare fabric in the history of the 14th century in Europe. The origin of this fabric maybe Italy. Nowadays, there’s no usage of this royal, luxury fabric.

110. Raschel Knit

Raschel is a special kind of warp-knitted fabric. It has a lacelike, open structure, with a rich, textured yarn held in place by a much finer yarn. Raschels can be made of different types, ranging from delicate to rough, and usually have limited stretch (Reference). Uses of this fabric are coats, jackets, skirts, dresses, etc.

111. Rayadillo

Rayadillo is blue and white striped Cotton or Flannel fabric. It’s a Spanish term meaning striped material. It was used for military uniforms for Spanish Colonial soldiers in the 19th century. Guerra was a jacket worn with a Rayadillo uniform. It was deep blue Flannel fabric.

112. Rep fabric

Rep is a woven Silk, Cotton, or Wool fabric. It is also known as Rip, Repp, or Reps. French word Rep is probably related to this fabric. It is used for dresses, religious vestments, neckties, etc. Woolen Reps are used for upholsteries.

113. Rib Stitch Knit

Rib-knit is a vertical striped knit on Cotton or Rayon or blended fabric. In ribbing pattern, vertical stripes of Stockinette stitch replace with reverse Stockinette stitch. Ribbing is cited by the number of knit stitches and the number of purl stitches. It has a strong tendency to shrink laterally, forming small pleats in which the purl stitches reduce and the knit stitches come forward. Thus, ribbing is often used for sweater hems, and, waistbands, cuffs, neckbands, sleeve bands, etc (Reference).

114. Samite

Samite is a luxurious, heavy Silk fabric blended with Gold and Silver threads with twill weave. It was worn in the middle ages (5th-15th century). French word Samit is the origin of the Samite word. Samite originally used six yarns in the warp. The fabric is still used in ornamental fabrics, religious robes, also in interior decoration.

115. Sateen Fabric

Sateen is a Satin woven, shiny, soft, and lustrous Cotton fabric. Its 4 warp yarn floated over one weft yarn for a five-harness Satin weave which creates a smooth surface, luster look, and softer fabric. Nowadays Rayon is used often instead of Cotton. And then it goes through the Mercerisation finishing process to give the fabric a glossy look. The usage of this fabric is in evening gowns, gowns, nightgowns, premium pajamas, lingerie, shirts, blouses, bedsheets, etc.

116. Scarlet

Scarlet is a fine, premium woolen fabric. The color of the fabric is Scarlet Red, or the red tone is named after this fabric. Finest English wool was dyed with Kermes red dye at the end. The first appearance of this fabric was in the middle ages. Still now though, there’s no evidence of using Scarlet fabric in the textile industry.

117. Seersucker

Seersucker is a thin but durable Cotton fabric. The origin of this word is Shir and Shakar means milk and sugar which is like its smooth and rough stripes (sugar) on smooth texture (milk). The most common pattern of Seersucker Cotton is blue and white stripes. During British Colonial Period it was pretty famous and thus affected India. In the early 20s seersucker fabric became the preppy style of the U.S. Now it is used for making robes, suits, dresses, skirts including activewear and home decorations, curtains, etc.

118. Serge

Serge is Worsted wool with Silk lining twill fabric. It was originally made of these but is now made from other fibers blended with wool or not. The word came from the Latin word Serica means silk. French serge is finer quality and more soft. Before it was also used for Cassocks. It is used for making suits, coats like trench coats, etc.

I am more pleased to have found it than anyone had given me a Cassock of the best Florentine serge

The Curate, Book I, Chapter VI

119. Shantung Fabric

Shantung is a ribbed, plain woven Silk fabric. The surface is uneven, coarse. The fabric is like Dupioni crisp silk fabric. Shandong is a coastal province of the People’s Republic of China, from which Shantung had come. Now it is also available in Rayon, and Cotton material. The usages of this fabric are mainly upholstery. The finer versions are used for dressmaking, gowns.

120. Sharkskin

Shark Skin is woven or warp-knitted, smooth texture, Acetate, and Rayon or Worsted wool and other Synthetic fiber blend fabric. Premium sharkskins were made of Fleece with the label “Golden Fleece” or “Royal”, which indicated its exclusiveness. It is used for suits, light jackets, coats, also for upholsteries like curtains, tablecloths, etc. Another main usage is as the lining of diving suits.

121. Sheeting Fabric

Sheeting is 100% Cotton or Polyester and Cotton blended woven Silk fabric. It is durable. 100% Cotton Sheeting fabric is more breathable and costlier than blended fabrics. But blended sheeting fabric tends to have fewer wrinkles. It is used for draperies, linings, bedcovers, test garments because it’s cheap.

122. Shot Silk

Shot Silk is a woven silk fabric with warp and weft multicolor yarns. It is also called changeant, changeable silk, cross color, sunshine shade, etc. In 1170, A shot silk purple and yellow vestment were described in a documentary, which shows that the technique existed in the 7th century. At that time probably it was called Purpura (Reference). Now Shot silk is used for academic dresses like robes, also for neckties,

123. Silver Knit

Silver Knit fabric is a Circular knitting fur attached fabric. In that, the front fibers imitating fur are attached to the fabric. It was produced to improve softness for garments. Then Silver is knitted with the base yarn. It is used in coats, blankets, jackets, etc.

124. Stretch Fabric

Stretch fabric is made of Elastane, Lycra, Spandex blended with Cotton, Poplin, Sateen, Jersey, Velvet Wool, Chiffon, or Jacquard Knitted fabric. As the name is suggesting it’s stretchable (in all directions) due to using of Elastane, Lycra, or Spandex. Stretchability makes this fabric durable. Other qualities depend on the blended fiber/s. For example, Cotton Stretch fabric is breathable. In the late 20s, it became popular. Now it’s widely used for jeggings, track pants, sports tops, any underwear.

119. Suede

Suede is fuzzy, dozed finished leather. It is made from the underside of the animal skin, which makes it softer but less durable than leather and gives that wooly look. French term Suede is its origin, which means “Gloves from Sweden”. Leather is preferable for an affluent look than Suede. The look is different. For example, in jackets, purses, shoes, boots, etc.

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