Continuing From ➡

150 Types of Fabric (26-50)

26. Chantilly Lace

Chantilly Lace is a handmade Bobbin Lace. It’s named after Chantilly city of France. A Bobbin lace is made by braiding and twisting threads that are bound to the bobbin. Chantilly lace was first produced in the 18th century and was originally from Belgium. This lace is known for its outline pattern, accurate details, and mesh filling fine ground. Fine Chantilly laces are made of silk, and generally black. There are white linen and silk Cahnitilly laces too. But Black Chantilly laces were very popular.

27. Cheesecloth

Cheesecloth is a very loose woven probably the lightest fabric. It’s Carded cotton used for medical purposes, food preservation, and also in dressmaking. Cotton Cheesecloth is used for wrapping cheese, bookbinding. But there is a Silk cheesecloth blend with silk which is a very soft fabric used for drapery. It is also used for summer shirts in Tropical countries like India.

28. Chenille Fabric

Chenille is a woven fabric that can be made of Cotton, Acrylic, Rayon, or Olefin. French word Chenille means caterpillar. In the 18th-century Chenille fabric was invented by cutting the Leno fabric. A soft, velvety finished Chenille is known as Faux Chenille.

29. Cheviot Fabric

As the name is suggesting Cheviot Fabric is made from Cheviot Sheeps’ wool. Other types of wool and man-made fibers are also blended in plain or various twill weaves in Cheviot Fabric. Cheviot wool is fine, soft, and has a crisp texture. Cheviot fabric is normally used in suits and lightweight coats. Cheviot suitings are made from worsted wool and Cheviot shirting is a twilled cotton blend woven fabric with small geometric patterns.

30. Chiengora Fabric

Chien means Dog in French. In the fashion industry, Chengora stands for good quality wool which of course comes from Dog. Using Chiengora instead of other wool like sheep or goat is that it’s 80% warmer. It originated in pre-historic Scandinavia. The best Chienhair comes from Newfoundlands, Norwegian Elkhounds, Chow Chows, etc.

31. Chiffon Fabric

Chiffon is translucent, soft, lightweight balanced plain-woven Silk or other material fabric. At an early age, Chiffon was made from 100% silk. In 1938 Chiffon was invented in Nylon and then in Polyester in 1958. Chiffon was very popular for ladies’ wear and mostly used as evening wear like an elegant gown. Nowadays also Chiffon is very popular used in scarves, Bloused, beautiful dresses. In India, there are Chiffon Sarees. Chiffon is a smoother and shinier version of Georgette.

32. Chino Fabric

Chino is made from 100% Cotton twilled fiber. Sometimes it’s blended with synthetic fibers. It was developed in the mid-19th Century, as a uniform for the British military. It was Khaki-Brown trousers. Since then that kind of trousers are known as Chino trousers. These are very popular in the modern age too for their durability and comfort. Still, for Parisian mens’ Chino is chic.

33. Chintz Fabric

Chintz is a Woodblock printed or painted Calico fabric. It was originated in Hyderabad, India, in the 16th century. This design reflects Mughal art. They were mostly covered in floral and animal paintings or paintings. After Vasco da Gama reached Calicut, India it became known in Europe. Chintz fabrics are used for petticoats, bedcovers, wallpapers, draperies.

34. Corduroy Fabric

Corduroy fabric looks like multiple cords are lying parallel. It can be made of Wool or Cotton. Standard wale Corduroyes are 11wales/inch, Pincord or Needlecord Corduroy is made of fine cords. Printed Corduroyes are pigmented with dyes then the garment is cut and sewed. In the final phase, they go through washing which gives the finished product a vintage look. It’s a very strong and durable fabric used for shirts, trousers, jackets.

35. Cotton and Linen Duck

Duck fabrics are two types Cotton and Linen. Cotton Duck fabrics are plain tightly woven with two years in the wrap and one yarn in the weft. Duck fabric is classified accordingly weight. Grade 1 is the heaviest used for sandbags and Grade 12 is the lights Duck Cotton used for light clothes. In the middle, there are Heavy-duty bags and pants, shower curtains, etc. Duck cotton can be treated with wax to make it waterproof. Cotton Duck Canvases are used in heavy-duty work pants, sneakers.

36. Crepe Fabric

Crepe is a Crisp Silk, Woolen, or Synthetic fabric. The fabric is rumpled. Crepe means crisp. Crepe fabrics have a wide range of varieties, mixtures. Albert crepe is fine black silk introduced in 1820 used for pouring purposes. Alpaca crepe is surprisingly not necessarily from Alpaca wool but a blend of Rayon and Acetate and the texture feels like wool. Courtauld Crepe is a silk crepe made in 1894 in Courtauld. It was very soft and thin. Crepe de Chine is a fine, lightweight worsted or cotton plain woven Crepe. Crepe de Dante is a silk and wool blend crepe fabric whereas Crepe de Sante is a rough-textured Wool crepe blended with silk, linen, or cotton. Victoria Crepe is a very shiny British Cotton Crepe.

37. Crewel Fabric

It is an elaborated Cotton, Silk, Velvet, Linen, or Jute fabric. Crewel is a particular type of work with thick wool threads. The design may have an outline and be filled with stitches. This technique is very old, probably more than a thousand years. Nowadays different threads are used for this embroidery including wool. There is a wide range of stitches that can be used for Crewel embroidery. The fabric is mostly used for bed-heads, bedcovers, cushions, curtains, etc.

38. Damask Fabric

Demask is a Silk, Wool, Cotton, Linen, or Synthetic reversible patterned fabric. This fabric is woven with one warp and weft yarn. Demask fabric can be woven in five weaving techniques. For example, Twill Damask is a twill woven fabric. Demask’s name had come from Damascus. This fabric is available in monochromatic color and has flowers, fruits, patterns on it. Demask fabric is used for good to high-quality garments with an expensive appearance.

39. Dazzle Fabric

Dazzle is a lightweight Polyester, Cotton, and/or Synthetic blend fabric. It was first invented in the 19th century. The appearance is sleek and shiny and it’s soft, does not stain easily. It is mostly used for sports attire like Football uniforms. As it is lightweight, it allows the skin to breathe during workouts. This fabric is also used for summer shirts, shorts, and also for car seats.

40. Denim Fabric

Denim is made of strong cotton and the fabric is thick. It’s woven with a weft yarn that passes two or more warp yarn. With cotton fiber Spandex is mixed most of the time for elasticity and flexibility. Any high-quality jean is flexible enough. Denim is available in many colors nowadays but still blue is the most common color that one shade (near indigo) of blue is named Denim Blue. In modern times everything regarding clothing is available in Denim material like shirts, pants, jackets, shorts, caps even shoes.

41. Dimity Fabric

Dimity is a lightweight, translucent but strong Cotton fabric. Before the 18th century, Dimity was made of Silk or Wool. It was highly used for Bustle. Bustle is a padded undergarment used for supporting the drapery for women’s dresses. Bustle was worn under dresses and skirts below or in the waistline. Dimity fabric like Bustles was usually white. In India Palampore Dimity was used as a bedcover.

42. Dobbie

Dobbie or Dobby is a woven Satin fabric produced on Dobby Loom. Dobby loom controls wrap yarns using Dobby. In Dobby fabric, the warp and weft yarns can be the same or different colors. In the fabric, there are small geometric or floral patterns, designs. It is slightly stretchy and not expensive. This fabric is good for shirts, polo shirts, handbags, blouses for ladies, etc.

43. Dotted Swiss

Dotted Swiss is a fine, thin, lightweight Cotton fabric. As the name is suggesting, it is embellished with small dots, is originated from Switzerland. The placement of sorts can be in several ways like regular or irregular and can be in any color/s. Dotted Swiss is used for dresses, shirts, blouses, baby clothes.

45. Dowlas Fabric

Dowlas is a rough Linen fabric. It was manufactured in Brittany in the 16th century. Sheeting is a similar fabric but finer than Dowlas. Fine Dowlas was used for shirts but in general, it was used for aprons, interfacing the alter lines of clothes, Gaiters, and pockets.

44. Drill Fabric

Drill fabric is a strong durable Cotton. It is diagonal woven and can be used bleached or unbleached. Lightweight Drill used in dressmaking like shirts, blouses, safari jackets, a sports outfits. Whereas heavier Drill fabric is used in Corsets and formal dresses or uniforms. Khaki Drill uniforms are quite common in fact.

46. Dungaree

Denim version, Dungaree is a coarse Cotton or Calico. It was first invented in India as a coarse Calico. “Dungaree” word came from Dongri a village near Mumbai. So what’s the difference between Denim and Dungaree? Denim is dyed after weaving when Dungaree is made from colored yearn. Dungaree is heavier than Denim fabric because it’s made of Coarse Calico whereas Denim is mostly made of thick cotton.

47. Dupioni Silk

Dupioni, Douppioni, or Dupion is a plain weave silk fabric. The texture of this fabric is crispy. Dupioni Silk is similar to Shantung but slightly heavier because it’s thicker. Varanashi, India is one of the main manufacturers of Duion fabric. It is used in dressmaking, drapery, or Curtains.

48. Eolienne Fabric

Eolienne is a lightweight Silk and Worsted Wool blended or Silk and Cotton blended fabric. Poplin is a similar fabric to Eolienne but lighter. Eolienne is used for surface embellishments, wedding gowns. It’s cheaper because of blended fibers but for silk, it creates a luxurious texture.

49. Felt Fabric

Felt is Wool, Fur, Acrylic, or/and Rayon blended (or not) fabric. It is produced by matting, condensing, and pressing fibers together. As you can see it’s a mixture of natural fibers like wool, fur, and Synthetic fibers like Acrylic. A cool feature of Felt fiber is, it absorbs sound. During the 18th and 19th centuries, men’s top hats were made from Felt material. The top hat was flat-crowned traditional hats for western men in the 18th century. In the early 20th Century Fedora hats were popular that made of Felt fabric. Felt fabric is also used in Boot liners like Valenki (Traditional Winter Russian Footwear) boots.

50. Fiberglass Fabric

As the name suggests it’s made of extremely fine glass fibers. It’s a very durable, low-cost, stiff, nonflammable, lightweight fabric. There are different types of Fiberglasses like A, C, D, E, ECR, AR, R, S, S2, T, M, Z, etc. A-glass or Aljali glass is the most common fiberglass. Fiberglass is used in microwaves, Household items, water pipes, Bows, Traffic lights, surfboards, water slides, etc.

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